Sequiota Park is located in the Galloway Station area of Springfield. Galloway Station, named after Civil War veteran Major Galloway, was a merchant and used the cave in Sequiota Park to store his goods.
Originally the land was privately owned and used for people to picnic. From 1914-1917 the Frisco Railway ran a six mile line from Springfield to Sequiota for people to shop at Galloway and picnic in the park.
In 1920 the state purchased the property for $23,000 and in 1921 began using the property as a fish hatchery and remained there until 1959 when they moved the hatchery to Table Rock Dam. Sequiota was also used to raise mushrooms during the 20’s and 30’s. When the hatchery moved to the Branson area, the state gave the 14 acres of land to the city of Springfield for use as a park.
The cave at Sequiota Park is a good example of Karst Topography, which is caused by the gradual dissolution of bedrock materials like limestone. Karst features are made when mildly acidic water containing C02 (the same thing that creates bubbles in your soda pop). When water (H20) is mixed with the carbon dioxide (C02) it creates H2CO3, which can eat through soluble bedrock like limestone. As time goes by the acid slowly dissolves the bedrock causing cracks and openings, as those openings get bigger more water can flow through them, forming features like sink holes and caves.